There are several programming languages out there, but choosing the relevant one is a challenging task. Don’t worry, and we have prepared a list of the top 10 programming languages in 2021 for you. It will help you to make your decision quickly. Let’s have a look at the below programming languages:
It provides a wide range of applications, including web development, mobile application development, game development, and a lot more. However, the language is used for both front-end and back end development.
After Java, Python is considered the second most demanding ruling programming language in 2021. It is the best programming language for beginners, and the key reason behind this popularity is the simple syntax that makes it easy to learn. The language is used for software development, web development with new technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, etc. One of the popular Python frameworks is Flask. Pyramid, Django, etc.
Both C and C++ have occupied a significant part of the tech world and are currently ranked at the top of numerous indexes. Large tech companies are there such as Microsoft, Adobe, Oracle, etc. who prefer to recruit C/C++ developers with a decent salary package. C language is mainly used to develop low-level systems such as kernel development, operating system, and others, whereas C++ is widely used for game development, GUI & Desktop applications, etc.
Java is another most demanding programming language across the world. It is the object orient programming language that is platform-independent. It is extensively used in Android development along with scientific applications, web applications, etc. However, prominent companies such as Flipkart, Amazon, Adobe are using Java. Learning java will also help you to provide lucrative career opportunities in your future. It is widely used in popular frameworks such as hibernate, spring, etc.
Currently, R language has an increasing demand for use in Data Science, Statistical analysis, and machine learning. It provides huge libraries and frameworks, which is appropriate for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows. It can be easily integrated with several data processing technologies, Hadoop & Spark, cross-platform capabilities, highly extensible, etc.
Kotlin becomes the popular language in the case of Android app development. It is easy to learn and supports all java libraries. It is usually a general-purpose programming language and can be used for web development and desktop application. Javalin, KTor, and Vert.x are some of the famous frameworks of Kotlin, and companies like Uber, Pinterest, Netflix, etc., are hiring the Kotlin developers.
C# is also a general-purpose programming language widely used for game development and the windows application, server-side applications. Primarily it was developed by Microsoft for its .Net framework. The language has a huge set of libraries that makes it an efficient programming language among many. Many companies like Capgemini, Intellectsoft are hiring C# developers for the business. It indicates job opportunities in the market.
Various popular websites like Wikipedia, Facebook, WordPress are widely using PHP, and there are many career opportunities for PHP developers. It is an open-source server-side scripting language mainly used for website development. It would be one of the best languages for beginners. It is easy to learn, and for the web development domain, PHP is a great choice to be learned. Some popular PHP frameworks are Symfony, CodeIgniter, Laravel, etc.
Go is the statically typed programming language and has a similar syntax to C. It was developed by Google and provides several features such as dynamic typing, garbage collection, high performance & efficiency, type safety, and many more. It supports distributed systems, cloud computing, etc. It also helps to solve many issues like slow execution, compilation, unavailability, etc.
Scala Programming :
Many tech giants such as LinkedIn, Twitter, Netflix, eBay, etc., use Scala programming language for their respective platforms & products. It was first developed to resolve the issues of other languages, but over time, it becomes a general-purpose programming language that supports both functional and objects orient programming. It provides many distinctive features and is extensively used in web development, machine learning, and machine language.